This is Council of European Energy Regulators’ (CEER) Second Paper on Unsupported Renewable Energy Systems (RES). It presents an updated assessment of the status quo of formally supported RES installation in Europe. A first CEER paper (C19-RES-64-04a) on the topic was published in May 2020.

This paper follows three main objectives:

(1) Assessing the magnitude of RES installations, which will be running without support, notably after their support time has ended, in the coming years

(2) Identifying the upcoming regulatory challenges and, if needed, the changes to the legal framework

(3) Showing alternative business strategies for RES installations running without support.

Download the paper here