China’s road transport sector plays an important role in meeting carbon early peaking and carbon neutrality goals. World Resources Institute’s report “Decarbonizing China’s Road Transport Sector: Strategies Toward Carbon Neutrality” examines how the sector might be decarbonized by modelling five scenarios using the LEAP model. This study aims to inform China road transport sector’s emission reduction target, identification of cost-effective measures that deliver on the sectoral emission reduction targets, facilitate low-carbon investments and identification of decarbonization measures with air pollution reduction co-benefits.

According to the study, if China implements all its stated policies, road transport’s GHG emissions in 2060 would decline by 50
percent from the 2020 level. Further, if radical structural changes and vehicle electrification occur, road transport’s GHG emissions in 2060 would reduce by 95 percent from 2020’s level, fulfilling China’s 2060 carbon neutrality commitment. Over the long term, vehicle electrification offers the largest decarbonization potential, followed by structural changes, fuel efficiency improvements, and the decarbonization of power and hydrogen generation sectors.

Download the report here