The RePowerEU plan and the European Hydrogen Strategy recognise the important role that the transport of hydrogen will play in enabling the penetration of renewable hydrogen in Europe. To implement the European Hydrogen Strategy it is important to understand whether the transport of hydrogen is cost effective, or whether hydrogen should be produced where it is used.
If transporting hydrogen makes sense, a second open question is how long the transport route should be for the cost of the hydrogen to still be competitive with locally produced hydrogen. The study “Assessment of hydrogen delivery options” authored by Ortiz Cebolla, R., Dolci, F. and Weidner Ronnefeld, E. and published by Publications Office of the European Union reveals that there is no single optimal hydrogen delivery solution across every transport scenario. The most cost effective way to deliver renewable hydrogen depends on distance, amount, final use, and whether there is infrastructure already available.
Access the report here