The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Shell have created a scenario sketch to explore the ongoing energy transition in India. It illustrates a technically possible, but highly challenging pathway to steer the domestic energy system towards net-zero emissions by 2050.
Achieving India’s economic development ambitions – significant growth, universal electricity access and clean modern cooking fuels for all – requires significant industrial capacity to achieve and, unless carefully managed, has the potential to increase greenhouse gas emissions.
But rather than follow the fossil-fuel development path previously pursued by advanced economies, India can take a different development path. By relying on lower-carbon sources of energy, the country has an opportunity to deliver economic growth, energy self-reliance and improved standards of living. With the right policies, the energy transition can provide opportunities for balanced and sustainable economic development that delivers a better quality of life for all.
Make no mistake, achieving it will not be easy. It calls for fundamental changes to the India energy system as it continues to develop.
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