Category: White Papers

Political economy of US green industrial planning

E3G has released a briefing paper titled “The Political Economy of US Green Industrial Planning: Building State Capacity for Deep Decarbonization”. This briefing outlines the opportunities to embed deep decarbonization, as well as the risks. It concludes with recommendations for three priority capacities to build: public financing and asset management; supply chain and productive capacity monitoring; and formalized sectoral investment targeting and coordination.

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US Renewable Energy M&A: Briefing

In a year in which both global and U.S. M&A activity in aggregate reached record levels, renewable energy M&A contributed to the mix in terms of high deal volume and landmark transactions. Robust demand in the sector was supported by persistently low interest rates, Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) considerations, and aggressive renewable energy and decarbonization targets.

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New Energy Paradigm in South Africa: Paper

In this paper, the authors advance a ‘mission-oriented’ approach to reconceptualize energy megaprojects within a systemic, cross-sectoral, and challenge-driven policy framework for energy transition. The authors discuss this mission-oriented approach through a deep dive on the South African experience of energy megaprojects with a focus on the restructuring of its public utility, Eskom, as well as opportunities for sustainable industrialization.

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US State Policies For Building Electrification: Policy Brief

To meet ambitious emissions-reduction goals, a small but growing number of states are promoting electrification of space and water heating as an important building decarbonization tool. However, one barrier states face is the need to ensure that fuel-switching and electrification efforts are beneficial; i.e., they must reduce emissions and energy costs while harmonizing with existing energy efficiency policies aimed at reducing demand.

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CO2 Sequestration in Germany: Paper

This paper shows why for Germany an all-renewables, predominantly electric approach to achieving net zero by 2045 will not work, nor will it maintain reliable energy supply. The inclusion of CCS from power plants and blue hydrogen from ATRs (Autothermal reforming) is essential for achieving Germany’s decarbonization goals. It will open a challenging but feasible way to reach net zero by 2045 and keep the high reliability of energy supply.

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India’s clean energy policy roadmap: Paper

Aligned with India’s target of achieving a net-zero carbon economy by 2070, the whitepaper charts illustrative paths towards phasing down carbon and suggests a strategic combination of renewables, gas, and storage for a most effective energy transition. The GE-EY whitepaper shares comprehensive insights on realizing India’s green energy potential and provides recommendations on possible policy initiatives essential for a future driven by sustainable industries.  

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Offshore Wind Market in Vietnam: GWEC Paper

The higher overall 2045 targets for onshore and offshore wind can ensure Vietnam is on track for Net Zero by 2050. This paper outlines the urgent need for a Route to Market process to enable the installation of 7+ GW offshore wind by 2030. In particular, this paper analyses international experience of offshore wind project development timelines and procurement mechanisms to propose an appropriate pathway for Vietnam to meet its PDP 8 targets by 2030.

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Offshore Wind in Western United States: Briefing

The United States’ West Coast has vast, untapped offshore wind resources to help decarbonize the country’s energy system. Offshore wind would diversify generation resources while reducing land-use conflicts in the Western U.S., where 80 percent of customers are served by utilities with net-zero carbon emission mandates. Coastal states make up 57 percent of Western electricity demand.

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Update on Global Transition to EVs: Briefing

Approximately 3.5 million EVs were sold in China in 2021, 150% higher than the 2020 level. Europe as a single market closely followed China as the world’s second largest EV market. Seven of the top ten national markets in terms of annual EV sales in 2021 were in Europe, including Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Norway, Italy, Sweden, and the Netherlands. The United States and South Korea ranked 3rd and 9th, respectively.

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Strategy Paper for Establishment of Offshore Wind Energy Projects in India

Preliminary studies carried out by NIWE across the coastline of India indicate good potential both off the southern tip of the country and the West coast for offshore wind farm development in India. Based on a multi-criteria approach involving assessment of various parameters such as wind resource, bathymetry etc., eight zones each off the coast of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu were identified as potential offshore wind energy zones.

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German Green Hydrogen Action Plan: Whitepaper

A recent White Paper found that industrial demand centres in Germany and the EU are ready to offtake five million tonnes of green hydrogen per year at present, with an addressable market of up to 27 million tonnes annually in the long term. In May (2022), the European Commission unveiled its REPowerEU plan which had ambitions of producing 10 million tonnes of renewable hydrogen annually, while importing a further 10 million tonnes.

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Top Problems for Renewables in Europe: Briefing

While the draft REPowerEU strategy identifies environmental regulation as the main obstacle to the uptake and upscale of renewables in Europe, the real bottlenecks proved to lie elsewhere. European Environmental Bureau analyses in this policy briefing what are the real top 10 barriers to renewable energy, which are related to lack of skilled professionals, grid connections and resource allocation.

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Upcoming Energy Auctions in Brazil

Ordinances No. 32/GM/MME and No. 33/GM/MME, both in effect as of December 17, 2021, issued by the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy, determined the schedule for generation and transmission auctions in 2022, 2023 and 2024. Among energy auctions, reserve of energy and reserve of power auctions, and supply of isolated systems auctions, eight auctions of power generation are planned in 2022, seven in 2023 and other seven in 2024.

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BEV Access in Europe: Paper by ICCT

The analysis found that new BEV registrations is not equally distributed across European regions. In intermediate regions, the average BEV market share of 6.7% was 0.5 percentage points higher than in urban and rural regions. Looking at the regions which experienced BEV registrations equal to or above the European average, their share was the highest in intermediate regions (45%), followed by rural regions (42%), and urban regions (38%).

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Stronger and Cleaner US Electric Grid: NRDC Factsheet

To face a climate-altered future, the United States needs a resilient, affordable, and nimble electric system, one that can adjust and adapt to any situation, keeping the lights on no matter the challenge. Ensuring that the country has affordable and available electricity requires that Congress pass legislation now to support renewable energy and build a more resilient electric grid—the system that connects a source of energy such as a power plant to the consumers who use it.

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UK Green Trade Briefing

The UK continues to prioritise Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) as its primary trade strategy. To avoid undermining its international climate strategy, and losing public support for its trade strategy, the UK’s approach to trade deals needs to be better aligned with its climate objectives. To achieve this, the UK should pioneer climate cooperation agreements inside and alongside its trade deals.

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E3G Briefing: UK’s Home Energy Security Strategy

Ofgem has predicted that the energy price cap will hit £2,800 in October. The UK government has provided £37bn this year just to keep people afloat. Investing now in long-term, enduring solutions can prevent similar sums from being required up to 2030 and potentially beyond. The government could act now to reliably lower bills by launching a national mission to upgrade the UK’s cold and leaky homes.

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